Dominant KPNA3 Mutations Cause Infantile Onset Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia


OBJECTIVE: Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a highly heterogeneous neurologic disorder characterized by lower-extremity spasticity. Here, we set out to determine the genetic basis of an autosomal dominant, pure, and infantile-onset form of HSP in a cohort of 8 patients with a uniform clinical presentation.

METHODS: Trio whole-exome sequencing was used in 5 index patients with infantile-onset pure HSP to determine the genetic cause of disease. The functional impact of identified genetic variants was verified using bioinformatics and complementary cellular and biochemical assays.

RESULTS: Distinct heterozygous KPNA3 missense variants were found to segregate with the clinical phenotype in 8 patients; in 4 of them KPNA3 variants had occurred de novo. Mutant karyopherin-α3 proteins exhibited a variable pattern of altered expression level, subcellular distribution, and protein interaction.

INTERPRETATION: Our genetic findings implicate heterozygous variants in KPNA3 as a novel cause for autosomal dominant, early-onset, and pure HSP. Mutant karyopherin-α3 proteins display varying deficits in molecular and cellular functions, thus, for the first time, implicating dysfunctional nucleocytoplasmic shuttling as a novel pathomechanism causing HSP. ANN NEUROL 2021;90:738-750.

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StatusVeröffentlicht - 11.2021

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PubMed 34564892