Isoform-specific domain organization determines conformation and function of the peroxisomal biogenesis factor PEX26


Peroxisomal biogenesis factor PEX26 is a membrane anchor for the multi-subunit PEX1-PEX6 protein complex that controls ubiquitination and dislocation of PEX5 cargo receptors for peroxisomal matrix protein import. PEX26 associates with the peroxisomal translocation pore via PEX14 and a splice variant (PEX26Δex5) of unknown function has been reported. Here, we demonstrate PEX26 homooligomerization mediated by two heptad repeat domains adjacent to the transmembrane domain. We show that isoform-specific domain organization determines PEX26 oligomerization and impacts peroxisomal β-oxidation and proliferation. PEX26 and PEX26Δex5 displayed different patterns of interaction with PEX2-PEX10 or PEX13-PEX14 complexes, which relate to distinct pre-peroxisomes in the de novo synthesis pathway. Our data support an alternative PEX14-dependent mechanism of peroxisomal membrane association for the splice variant, which lacks a transmembrane domain. Structure-function relationships of PEX26 isoforms explain an extended function in peroxisomal homeostasis and these findings may improve our understanding of the broad phenotype of PEX26-associated human disorders.

Bibliografische Daten

StatusVeröffentlicht - 03.2019
PubMed 30366024