Multiomic profiling of medulloblastoma reveals subtype-specific targetable alterations at the proteome and N-glycan level


Medulloblastomas (MBs) are malignant pediatric brain tumors that are molecularly and clinically very heterogenous. To unravel phenotypically relevant MB subtypes, we compiled a harmonized proteome dataset of 167 MBs and integrated findings with DNA methylation and N-glycome data. Six proteome MB subtypes emerged, that could be assigned to two main molecular programs: transcription/translation (pSHHt, pWNT and pGroup3-Myc), and synapses/immunological processes (pSHHs, pGroup3 and pGroup4). Multiomic analysis revealed different conservation levels of proteome features across MB subtypes at the DNA-methylation level. Aggressive pGroup3-Myc MBs and favorable pWNT MBs were most similar in cluster hierarchies concerning overall proteome patterns but showed different protein abundances of the vincristine resistance associated multiprotein complex TriC/CCT and of N-glycan turnover associated factors. The N-glycome reflected proteome subtypes and complex-bisecting N-glycans characterized pGroup3-Myc tumors. Our results shed light on new targetable alterations in MB and set a foundation for potential immunotherapies targeting glycan structures.

Bibliographical data

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 09.01.2023