Analysis of Risk Factors for Allograft Outcome Comparing 2 Kidneys From the Same Donor in Separate Recipients


BACKGROUND: An analysis of 2 kidney transplants from the same donor at the same center enables us to analyze the influence of risk factors on the outcome of the grafts in different recipients.

METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 88 kidneys from 44 donors that were implanted in 88 recipients at our institution between 2007-2016. We defined unsatisfactory outcome as glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 allograft loss or recipient death within the first year after transplantation. Fifty-three kidneys were allocated and age-matched to donors above the age of 65 years (via Eurotransplant Senior Program or center offer). We compared kidney pairs with satisfactory outcome in both recipients (group A) to pairs with divergent outcome (group B) and unsatisfactory outcome in both recipients (group C).

RESULTS: Thirty-four grafts (17 donors) had a satisfactory outcome for both recipients (group A), and 16 grafts (8 donors) had an unsatisfactory outcome for both recipients (group C). Donor age was significantly higher in group C vs group A (67.5 ± 6.7 vs 56.4 ± 16.0 years, P = .010). The 19 donors donating 1 kidney with satisfactory and the other with unsatisfactory outcome were 67.4 ± 10.7 years old (group B). A severe surgical complication occurred more often in recipients with an unsatisfactory outcome in comparison to patients with a satisfactory outcome.

CONCLUSION: Donor age is an important risk factor for an unsatisfactory outcome, either in one or both kidneys of the same donor.

Bibliographical data

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 12.2018
PubMed 30577187