Obesity and diabetes mellitus are associated with SARS-CoV-2 outcomes without influencing signature genes of extrapulmonary immune compartments at the RNA level


The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which is responsible for eliciting Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) still challenges healthcare services worldwide. While many patients only suffer from mild symptoms, patients with some pre-existing medical conditions are at a higher risk for a detrimental course of disease. However, the underlying mechanisms determining disease course are only partially understood. One key factor influencing disease severity is described to be immune-mediated. In this report, we describe a post-mortem analysis of 45 individuals who died from SARS-CoV-2 infection. We could show that although sociodemographic factors and premedical conditions such as obesity and diabetes mellitus reduced survival time in our cohort, they were not associated with changes in the expression of immune-related signature genes at the RNA level in the blood, the gut, or the liver between these different groups. Our data indicate that obesity and diabetes mellitus influence SARS-CoV-2-related mortality, without influencing the extrapulmonary gene expression of immunity-related signature genes at the RNA level.

Bibliografische Daten

StatusVeröffentlicht - 30.01.2024

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© 2024 The Authors.

PubMed 38298642