Thrombectomy in M2 occlusion compared to M1 occlusion: treatment effects of Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction (TICI) 2b and TICI 3 recanalization on functional outcome


BACKGROUND: Emerging data suggest that mechanical thrombectomy (MT) might also be safe and efficient for medium and distal occlusions. This study aims to compare average treatment effects on functional outcome of different degrees of recanalization after MT in patients with M2 occlusion and M1 occlusion.

METHODS: All patients enrolled in the German Stroke Registry (GSR) between June 2015 and December 2021 were analyzed. Inclusion criteria were stroke with primary M1 occlusion or M2 occlusion, and availability of relevant clinical data. 4259 patients were included, thereof 1353 with M2 occlusion and 2906 with M1 occlusion. Treatment effects were analyzed using double-robust inverse-probability-weighted regression-adjustment (IPWRA) estimators to control for confounding covariates. Binarized endpoint metrics were defined as good outcome with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≤2 at 90 days, and linearized endpoint metrics were defined as mRS shift pre-stroke to 90 days. Effects were evaluated for near complete recanalization (Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction scale (TICI) 2b) and complete recanalization (TICI 3).

RESULTS: Treatment effect estimation for TICI ≥2b versus TICI <2b in M2 occlusions showed an increase in the probability of a good outcome from 27% to 47% with a number-needed-to-treat (NNT) of 5. For M1 occlusions the probability of a good outcome increased from 16% to 38% with NNT 4.5. TICI 3 versus TICI 2b increased the probability of a good outcome by 7 percentage points in M1 occlusions; for M2 occlusions the beneficial effect was not significant.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that successful recanalization with TICI ≥2b versus TICI <2b after MT in M2 occlusions provides significant patient benefit with treatment effects comparable to M1 occlusions. The probability of functional independence increased by 20 percentage points (NNT 5) and stroke-related mRS increase was reduced by 0.9 mRS points. In contrast to M1 occlusions, complete recanalization TICI 3 versus TICI 2b had lower additional beneficial effect.

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StatusVeröffentlicht - 21.12.2023

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