Stair-Climbing Tests or Self-Reported Functional Capacity for Preoperative Pulmonary Risk Assessment in Patients with Known or Suspected COPD—A Prospective Observational Study


Background: This prospective study aims to determine whether preoperative stair-climbing tests (SCT) predict postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) better than self-reported poor functional capacity (SRPFC) in patients with known or suspected COPD. Methods: A total of 320 patients undergoing scheduled for major non-cardiac surgery, 240 with verified COPD and 80 with GOLD key indicators but disproved COPD, underwent preoperative SRPFC and SCT and were analyzed. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression was used for variable selection. Two multivariable regression models were fitted, the SRPFC model (baseline variables such as sociodemographic, surgical and procedural characteristics, medical preconditions, and GOLD key indicators plus SRPFC) and the SCT model (baseline variables plus SCTPFC). Results: Within all stair-climbing variables, LASSO exclusively selected self-reported poor functional capacity. The cross-validated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve with bias-corrected bootstrapping 95% confidence interval (95% CI) did not differ between the SRPFC and SCT models (0.71; 0.65–0.77 for both models). SRPFC was an independent risk factor (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 5.45; 95% CI 1.04–28.60; p = 0.045 in the SRPFC model) but SCTPFC was not (adjusted OR 3.78; 95% CI 0.87–16.34; p = 0.075 in the SCT model). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that preoperative SRPFC adequately predicts PPC while additional preoperative SCTs are dispensable in patients with known or suspected COPD.

Bibliografische Daten

StatusVeröffentlicht - 21.06.2023