Lipidome Analysis of Oropharyngeal Tumor Tissues Using Nanosecond Infrared Laser (NIRL) Tissue Sampling and Subsequent Mass Spectrometry


Ultrashort pulse infrared lasers can simultaneously sample and homogenize biological tissue using desorption by impulsive vibrational excitation (DIVE). With growing attention on alterations in lipid metabolism in malignant disease, mass spectrometry (MS)-based lipidomic analysis has become an emerging topic in cancer research. In this pilot study, we investigated the feasibility of tissue sampling with a nanosecond infrared laser (NIRL) for the subsequent lipidomic analysis of oropharyngeal tissues, and its potential to discriminate oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) from non-tumorous oropharyngeal tissue. Eleven fresh frozen oropharyngeal tissue samples were ablated. The produced aerosols were collected by a glass fiber filter, and the lipidomes were analyzed with mass spectrometry. Data was evaluated by principal component analysis and Welch's t-tests. Lipid profiles comprised 13 lipid classes and up to 755 lipid species. We found significant inter- and intrapatient alterations in lipid profiles for tumor and non-tumor samples (p-value < 0.05, two-fold difference). Thus, NIRL tissue sampling with consecutive MS lipidomic analysis is a feasible and promising approach for the differentiation of OPSCC and non-tumorous oropharyngeal tissue and may provide new insights into lipid composition alterations in OPSCC.

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StatusVeröffentlicht - 25.04.2023