A Four-Generational Report on Hereditary Head and Neck Paraganglioma


Background This article investigates the inheritance, penetrance, clinical presentation, and therapeutic outcomes of hereditary head and neck paragangliomas (HNPGLs) by offering a four-generational report of an 18-member family affected by this rare condition. Methodology Information was compiled by examination of patients and a review of medical records and correspondence (retrospective case series). Results Six members of the 18-member family were diagnosed with HNPGL between 2002 and 2018. A known pathogenic point mutation in subunit D of the succinyl dehydrogenase complex (SDHD, c.317G>T, p.Gly106Val) was responsible for the tumor phenotype. The mutation could be revealed in seven family members, three diseased adults, one healthy adult, and three healthy children, out of the nine who consented to gene testing. The median age at diagnosis was 33.5 years (range: 22-50 years). Five of the eight primary tumors were glomus caroticum, two were glomus jugulare, and one was a glomus vagale tumor. The therapeutic approaches were multimodal and included embolization therapy, surgery, radiation, and watchful waiting. Follow-up was reported for five of the six patients (mean follow-up of 34.8 months after primary therapy); three showed no disease progression or recurrence. Conclusions This study exemplifies the autosomal dominant, parent-of-origin-dependent inheritance and the high disease penetrance in hereditary paraganglioma-pheochromocytoma syndromes. Six out of a total of eight adult descendants (75%) of the original SDHD mutation carrier developed tumors, and the morbidity associated with the disease as well as its therapy was especially high in late-diagnosed, advanced cases. This substantiates the necessity for early radiologic surveillance and genetic testing.

Bibliografische Daten

StatusVeröffentlicht - 04.2022
PubMed 35582561