Validation of a Simple Clinical Tool for Screening of Acute Lacunar Stroke - a substudy of the WAKE-UP trial

  • Francesco Arba
  • Chiara Rinaldi
  • Märit Jensen
  • Matthias Endres
  • Jochen Benedikt Fiebach
  • Robin Lemmens
  • Keith W Muir
  • Norbert Nighoghossian
  • Salvador Pedraza
  • Claus Simonsen
  • Vincent Thijs
  • Christian Gerloff
  • Joanna Wardlaw
  • Götz Thomalla

Beteiligte Einrichtungen

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Lacunar stroke represents around a quarter of all ischemic strokes, however, their identification with Computed Tomography in the hyperacute setting is challenging. We aimed to validate a clinical score to identify lacunar stroke in the acute setting, independently, with data from the WAKE-UP trial using magnetic resonance imaging.

METHODS: We analysed data from the WAKE-UP trial and extracted Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) classification. Lacunar score was defined by NIHSS<7 and OCSP lacunar syndrome. Assessment of lacunar infarct by two independent investigators was blinded to clinical data. We calculated sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive value (NPV and PPV, respectively) of lacunar score.

RESULTS: We included 503 patients in the analysis, mean (±SD) age 65.2 (±11.6), 325 (65%) males, median (IQR) NIHSS=6 (4-9); 108 (22%) lacunar infarcts were identified on MR, patients fulfilling lacunar score criteria were 120 (24%), of which 47 (44%) had a lacunar infarct. Lacunar score correctly identified 322 (82%) of patients without lacunar infarct. Patients with lacunar score had lower NIHSS (4 vs 7,p<0.001), higher systolic (157 mmHg vs 151 mmHg,p=0.001) and diastolic (86 mmHg vs 83 mmHg,p=0.013) blood pressure and smaller infarct volume (2.4 ml vs 9.5 ml,p<0.001). Performance of lacunar score was: sensitivity 0.44; specificity 0.82; PPV 0.39; NPV 0.84; accuracy 0.73. Assuming a prevalence of lacunar stroke of 13%, PPV lowered to 0.30 but NPV was 0.90. Lacunar score performed better for supratentorial lacunar infarcts.

CONCLUSIONS: Lacunar score had a very good specificity and NPV for screening of lacunar stroke. Implementation of this simple tool into clinical practice may help hyperacute management and guide patient selection in clinical trials.

Bibliografische Daten

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ISSN1747-4930
DOIs
StatusVeröffentlicht - 04.2024
PubMed 38676549